Introduction Before beginning your paper, you need to decide how you plan to design the study. The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data. Note that your research problem determines the type of design you should use, not the other way around!
Basic Research Designs Basic Research Designs This module will introduce the basics of choosing an appropriate research design and the key factors that must be considered. Learning Objectives Distinguish between quantitative and qualitative research methods. Identify whether or research project is qualitative or quantitative in nature.
List the key factors that must be considered when choosing a research design. Once the research question has been formulated, it is critical that the researcher select the appropriate research methodology to answer the question.
The type of research question will typically dictate the methodology that will be employed. The reliability and validity of the results depends on upon proper selection of the research approach and design.
Forms of Research Research is a systematic inquiry used to describe, explain, predict or control some observed phenomenon - the research topic.
Research can be classified into four main forms based on the specific purpose: Basic Research - This research is descriptive in nature and is used to understand and explain a phenomenon. This type of research is often conducted for the sake of increasing and advancing a knowledge base.
Applied Research - The purpose of this research is to provide information that can be used and applied in an effort to help people understand and control their environment.
This type of research is more prescriptive in nature and seeks to offer potential solutions to problems. Evaluation Research - The purpose of evaluation research is to examine the processes and outcomes associated with a particular solution to a problem.
The research may be formative in that it attempts to improve the intervention or solution or it may be summative and attempt to evaluate the effectiveness of solution or program.
Action Research - This research is often conducted within a program, organization or community and the researchers are involved in gathering data and studying themselves. Regardless of the purpose of the research, the process is similar.
The researcher will then develop a research problem related to the topic and create a specific question.
The research design will then be developed and the procedures for analyzing the data will be identified.
The results of the research will hopefully lend themselves to the publication of a scholarly article. Quantitative and Qualitative Designs There are two main approaches to a research problem - quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitative methods are used to examine the relationship between variables with the primary goal being to analyze and represent that relationship mathematically through statistical analysis.
This is the type of research approach most commonly used in scientific research problems. Qualitative methods are chosen when the goal of the research problem is to examine, understand and describe a phenomenon. These methods are a common choice in social science research problems and are often used to study ideas, beliefs, human behaviors and other research questions that do not involve studying the relationship between variables.
Choosing a Design The following table lists and describes the most common research designs used at Grand Canyon University. Different research books will use different terms for similar types of research. However, the research designs identified in this document are fairly common in terms of their use and their terminology.
Types of Research Designs.Design lacks rigorous standards applied to methods of data gathering and analysis because one of the areas for exploration could be to determine what method or methodologies could best fit the research .
Basic Research Designs. Basic Research Designs. Overview of Psychology Research Methods - This article describes the most commonly used research methods in the field of psychology and gives a more in-depth look at specific quantitative research methods often utilized.
Some authors consider research design as the choice between qualitative and quantitative research methods. Others argue that research design refers to the choice of specific methods of data collection and analysis. In your dissertation you can define research design as a general plan about what you will do to answer the research question.
Research design is a plan to answer your research question. A research method is a strategy used to implement that plan. Research design and methods are different but closely related, because good research design ensures that the data you obtain will help you answer your research .
research design link your purposes to the broader, more theoretical aspects of procedures for conducting Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Research, while the following section will examine decisions about research. A design is used to structure the research, to show how all of the major parts of the research project -- the samples or groups, measures, treatments or programs, and methods of assignment -- work together to try to address the central research questions.