His mother was Agnes Keene.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Rene Descartes and John Locke: A Comparative Paper on their Philosophies Essay Sample A discipline which has been always constrained with argument, controversy and debate by great thinkers is philosophy.
Considered to be one of the most respected philosophers of his time, Rene Descartes redirected the path of philosophy away from the traditional beliefs of Aristotle and Plato which has been adopted during the Medieval era. His prestige has leveled to that of his contemporaries, be it a physicist, physiologist or mathematician.
He said that in order for truth to be determined, one must have full understanding of awareness of self, of thinking and of existence. The content of this said understanding must be clear and distinct to know what reality really is.
As to the existence of god, Descartes deems that this should be accounted for next to discovering what knowledge is. He began by thinking that the cause of any idea is as real as the substance of said idea.
Since his idea of a Supreme Being or god infinite, therefore the cause of this idea of infinity must also be never-ending and according to his belief, only the real god is boundless.
Thus, the cause for the existence of god cannot be us human beings because we are not infinite and we are mortal. Further, he differentiated mind from brain. He attributed consciousness and self-awareness to the mind while intelligence is contained in the brain. Descartes used his Meditations on First Philosophy to make certain what he is in doubt before regarding the existence of the mind and body.
Because of this, he was able to take a hint that mind and body are two different things. Based on this perspective, Cartesian dualism became a stronghold of future theories.
To defend these criticisms of Cartesian dualism, Descartes formulated an explanation through the pineal gland theory. However, this has remained a theory up to this time since Descartes failed to defend such idea of the causal interaction of the mind and body through the pineal gland.
In contrast to the rationalist view of innate ideas that man has been set with inborn ideas, John Locke espoused the principle of tabula rasa scraped tablet or clean slate and empiricism.
He believed that man, upon coming into the world, is a blank being a tabula rasa from which this empty life form can only be filled up with data and information from the experiences and sensory perceptions that he goes through in his existence in the outside world.
Beginning blank, the human mind acquires knowledge through the use of the five senses and a process of reflection Landry para. It has been said that Locke was the first one to use the contemporary meaning of consciousness. Locke believes that the mind is a self-sustaining material which is independent from the external world.
According to Locke, the substances which compose the world include bodies and souls. Therefore the body is material while the soul is immaterial since thought is a process which is said to occur in the soul. Moreover, Locke discloses that the body and mind are existent substances and there is an interaction between them resulting in ideas caused by the workings of the body in the mind.
However, the body does not directly affect the mind but only the physical or material aspects of being. Locke was frank enough to admit though that he has doubts whether or not mind, souls or matter can think independently.
But he concluded that what counts after all is consciousness regardless of its nature — matter, mind or soul. Locke further defined the third component of his philosophy apart from mind and soul as God. He tried to confirm the existence of God through unlimited sense-experience coming from sensations and reflections.
The experiences we have include knowledge, power, life, self-expansion and other worldly incidents. All we know is that there is a God who is absolute, all-knowing and infinite. God and Human Nature. Britannica Internet Guide Selection. Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia.René Descartes (–) was a creative mathematician of the first order, an important scientific thinker, and an original metaphysician.
Get an answer for 'Compare and contrast the philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke.' and find homework help for other Political Science, Philosophy, Hobbes, Thomas, Locke, John questions at. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were two of the great political theorists of their time.
Both created great philosophical texts that help to describe the role of government in man’s life, as well as their views of man’s state of nature.
John Locke’s "Second Treatise On Government": A 5 page paper discussing John Locke’s Second Treatise on Civil Government. Questions of the nature and scope, as well as the purpose of the worker are analyzed alobg with the role of the individual in society.
The two most significant theories, which were first explored by the Greeks, were later debated between John Locke, and Rene Descartes. John Locke, a seventeenth-century English philosopher, argued against the belief that human beings are born with certain ideas already in their minds.
May 05, · Rene Descartes Essays (Examples) Essay Paper #: Rene Descartes: hy Psychology Cannot be a Science Like Physics John Locke and enee Descartes both believed they had come up with an understandable and scientific philosophy about the foundation of life.
The writer of this paper compares and contrasts those beliefs.