Others insisted that even if there were events of a historical nature, such a history was unknown and unknowable, since African societies, for the most part, were nonliterate and as such left no records that historians could study. The era of decolonization and the immediate post-independence years witnessed a growing rank of Africanists vigorously reject this Eurocentric and anti-African historical epistemology that privileged civilization and written sources as the only rational bases for historical scholarship and that denied the possibility of civilization and history to small-scale and nonliterate societies dominant in Africa.
Ethnicity in Nigeria Simon A.
|Follow BBC Travel||Terminology[ edit ] The significance of the prefix "post-" in "postcolonial" is a matter of contention. It is difficult to determine when colonialism begins and ends, and therefore to agree that "postcolonial" designates an era "after" colonialism has ended.|
|The emergence of development theory||Development theory, cluster of research and theories on economic and political development.|
Rakov, Vassar College '92 English 32, Fall The ethnicity of Nigeria is so varied that there is no definition of a Nigerian beyond that of someone who lives within the borders of the country Ukpo, p. The boundaries of the formerly English colony were drawn to serve commercial interests, largely without regard for the territorial claims of the indigenous peoples As a result, about three hundred ethnic groups comprise the population of Nigeria 7and the country's unity has been consistently under siege: The Biafran War was the last of the secessionist movements within this period 3.
The concept of ethnicity requires definition. Ukpo calls an "ethnic group" a "group of people having a common language and cultural values" These common factors are emphasized by frequent interaction between the people in the group.
In such fusions, the groups of which they are composed maintain a limited individual identity. The groups are thus composed of smaller groups, but there is as much difference between even the small groups; as Chief Obafemi Awolowo put it, as much "as there is between Germans, English, Russians and Turks" The count of three hundred ethnic groups cited above overwhelmingly enumerates ethnic minority groups, those which do not comprise a majority in the region in which they live.
These groups usually do not have a political voice, nor do they have access to resources or the technology needed to develop and modernize economically. They therefore often consider themselves discriminated against, neglected, or oppressed. There are only three ethnic groups which have attained "ethnic majority" status in their respective regions: We must be very careful to avoid the use of the term "tribe" to describe these ethnic groups.
The Ibo and Hausa-Fulani of Nigeria are each made up of five to ten million people, a figure comparable to the number of, say, Scots, Welsh, Armenians, Serbs or Croats.
Yet we do not refer to the latter groups as "tribes. It is a label which emerged with imperialism in its application to those who were non-European and lived in a "colonial or semi-colonial dependency As we are attempting to discard the prejudices of imperialism it is in our best interests to discard the use of the term "tribe" when referring to the ethnic groups of Nigeria.
With that in mind, we should dabble in brief definitions of the major ethnic groups of Nigeria.
The majority groups, as stated above, are the Hausa-Fulani, Ibo and Yoruba. The first, the Hausa-Fulani, are an example of a fused ethnic group, as they are actually made up of two groups, not surprisingly called the Hausa and the Fulani. The Hausa are themselves a fusion, a collection of Sudanese peoples that were assimilated, long ago, into the population inhabiting what is now considered Hausaland.
They believe in the religion of Islam. Their origin is a matter of dispute: Once they arrived in Hausaland they became known for setting up seven small states centered around "Birni," or walled cities.
In these states the Hausa developed techniques of efficient government, including a carefully organized fiscal system and a highly learned judiciary, that gave them a reputation of integrity and ability in administering Islamic law The Fulani are also Muslims, and, like the Hausa, their origin is more or less an open question.
Once a nomadic people, they believe themselves to be descended from the gypsies, Roman soldiers who became lost in the desert, a lost "tribe" of Israel, or other groups such as the relatives of the Britons or the Tuaregs, who inhabit the southern edge of the Sahara in central Africa.The Study of Food.
In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, anthropologists studied the food systems of technically simpler societies, and learned how self-contained economic systems functioned – for example, Malinowski’s work on the Trobriand Islanders. Dependency and Socialism in the Modern Caribbean: Superpower Intervention in Guyana, Jamaica, and Grenada, [Euclid A.
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Was the Anglophone Caribbean condemned by its colonial history to permanent conditions of dependency and by Cold War geopolitical realities to international interventionism? Postcolonial literature is the literature by people from formerly colonized countries.
It exists on all continents except Antarctica. Postcolonial literature often addresses the problems and consequences of the decolonization of a country, especially questions relating to the political and cultural independence of formerly subjugated people, and themes such as racialism and colonialism.
The following is a list of symptoms of codependency and being in a codependent relationship. You don’t need to have them all to qualify as codependent.
heartoftexashop.comndents need other. (technical and administrative skills; economies based on single or dual commodities; borders and ethnic rivalries; ineffective postcolonial governments) Technical and administrative skills under colonialism, training and experience to manage the economy were often limited to white Europeans, leaving a huge gap in technical and administrative.
Introduction. The study of African history as an independent and autonomous focus of scholarship is a recent development.
In popular discourse, globalization is often synonymous with internationalization, referring to the growing interconnectedness and interdependence of people and institutions throughout the world. Although these terms have elements in common, they have taken on technical meanings that distinguish them from each other and from common usage. Ethnicity in Nigeria Simon A. Rakov, Vassar College '92 (English 32, Fall ) The ethnicity of Nigeria is so varied that there is no definition of a Nigerian beyond that of someone who lives within the borders of the country (Ukpo, p. 19). “There is no clear boundary between the word ‘I’ and the word ‘we’,” Choi writes in her book A Postcolonial Self.. “As the usage of the words ‘we’ and ‘I’ are often.
Until the late colonial period, it was widely believed among Western historians that Africa, south of the Sahara, had no “civilization” and thus no history.