In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Analyzing International Environmental Regimes: From Case Study to Database.
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Analyzing International Environmental Regimes: From Case Study to Database. International Cooperation and Arctic Governance: Regime Effectiveness and Northern Region Building.
Do international institutions matter? How do they matter? These are central questions in International Relations Theory.
Studies of international environmental cooperation have contributed key insights to our understanding of international institutions. Three recent volumes continue to do so. Contributing to the research agenda in the broader literature on international institutions, these books seek to shed light on the causal pathways by which international institutions make a difference.
This essay discusses common themes as well as some tension in these volumes. It concludes with some persistent challenges facing the literature on international institutions. Although empirical analysis of environmental regimes is abundant, most of this analysis happens through self-contained case studies.
The absence of a truly comparative mode of analysis may hamper our ability to demonstrate causal influence of environmental regimes.
To meet this challenge, this book unveils the International Regimes Database IRDalong with selected analyses of regime effects using the database. The IRD seeks to enable systematic empirical research on international regimes.
It collects data from expert coders—guided by a common data protocol—on many features of individual regimes. The database consists of information on each environmental regime along four dimensions: The database can be extremely [End Page ] versatile.
One can use it to address how the problems that regimes seek to solve determine specific regime attributes. One can also use it to address how specific regime attributes induce behavioral consequences. Furthermore, while the IRD enables systematic empirical analyses of current theories of international regimes, it can be useful in many ways to deal with emerging research questions.
For instance, the IRD pays substantial attention to regime attributes but hardly any to the attributes of state participants. Analysts interested in the second image analysis, however, can supplement the IRD with additional data on domestic factors.
Substantively, the architects of the IRD seek to address both regime formation and regime effectiveness. The chapters illustrate, in particular, how the IRD can be used to better understand the effects of environmental regimes. In general, they shed light on how regime attributes help explain regime effectiveness.
Global Environmental Assessments, edited by Ronald B. Cash, and Nancy M. Dickson, identifies some interesting empirical variations.The Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) concluded during the past decades have established complex interlinkages between the institutions established by MEAs and institutions such as UNEP, UNDP and the World Bank and the funds administered by the Bank, in particular the GEF.
Questions. First, it included 0 C– 0 C global temperature limit to entice small island states which is a significant target in the PA.
It also served as a lens through which conflicting parties could view global warming as a problem that requires a reciprocal solution (48).
Analyzing International Environmental Regimes, co-authored by Helmut Breitmeier, Oran R. Young, and Michael Zürn, recognizes an important challenge to the study of international regimes.
Although empirical analysis of environmental regimes is abundant, most of this . Böhmelt, T. and Betzold, C. (), ‘The impact of environmental interest groups in international environmental negotiations: do ENGOs induce stronger environmental commitments?’, International Environmental Agreements 13 (2): – A small number of environmental agreements have established international institutions that can directly impose trade sanctions (such as the Montreal Protocol) or have authorized member states to impose trade sanctions against violating parties (such as the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling).
Environmentalism or environmental rights is a broad philosophy, ideology, and social movement regarding concerns for environmental protection and improvement of the health of the environment, particularly as the measure for this health seeks to incorporate the impact of changes to the environment on humans, animals, plants and non-living matter.