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BUREAUCRACY ESSAY POINTS Introduction Given the subject matter of this essay revolves around bureaucracy, and given that bureaucracy is concerned with rules and order, it seems fitting to first begin with an official definition of the term; "A system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives; a state or organization governed or managed according to such a system.
I shall look at the modern cases of bureaucracy and weigh up whether there is a place for it in the modern world and if not whether post bureaucracy is more fitting. Finally I shall conclude by attempting to come down on one side of the argument as to whether in fact bureaucracy is bad.
Bureaucracy as an ideal type and form of power based on legitimate authority Max Weber was a German social scientist who was concerned with the question of what held societies together, he came to the conclusion that it was down to authority which allows those who have the right of legitimacy to give orders Wilson, Weber questioned what the power of this authority was based on, because in most societies it is not based on force, fear or coercion.
This authority previously came about in two main ways; authority based on charisma the personal authority of a particular individual or authority based on tradition the established authority of institutions Grey, However, Weber put forward the idea that these previous types of authority were increasingly being overshadowed by rational-legal authority in modern societies systems of rules devised for rational reasons.
Weber was writing at a time where organisations were growing at a rate not seen before.
He was commentating o the transformation that he was directly seeing. This rationalisation can be defined as a process whereby the means chose to pursue ends can be determined by logical and rational calculation Wilson, When applied to organisations, this rational-legal authority means bureaucracy.
When Weber was putting forward his ideas regarding bureaucracy he discussed it as "an ideal type" however a common misconception is that by this Weber meant bureaucracy was a desirable ideal when in fact he despaired of how dominant this organisational structure was becoming.
The "ideal type" is simply a subjective element in social theory and research which formed from characteristics and elements of the given phenomena, but it is not meant to correspond to all of the characteristics of any one particular case. According to Wilson "the ideal type of bureaucracy is governed by a formal set of rules and procedures that ensures that operations and activities are carried out in a predictable, uniform and impersonal manner".
This comes from the four foundational aspects that according to Weber bureaucracy consist of; functional specialisation the formal division of labourhierarchy of authority the structure that gives those in a superior position authority, simply because they hold that positionsystem of rules everything is based upon following a formal set of written rules about practices and procedures and impersonality rules are followed without regard for emotions Grey, According to Weber it was these four concepts that meant bureaucracy was the most technically efficient and rational form of organisations, it was adopted because it was simply better than any other system.
Its decisive feature is that it eliminates an orientation to values because they are non-technical. Rationality is instrumental formal when problems are solved by the application of technical criteria. In opposition, substantive value rationality is a type of decision making which is subject to values and an appeal to ethical norms - this is not something that bureaucracy is concerned with especially given substantive rationality does not take into account the nature of outcomes.
Weber also concluded that bureaucracy was substantively irrational following his work and reading on the "overall societal effects of its rise" Grey, Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Max Weber Bureaucracy.
Bureaucracy essay Words | 11 Pages Introduction A bureaucracy is a large organization that is designed to achieve a common goal through a hierarchical organization. Essay on the Weber’s Theory of Bureaucracy – The term “bureaucracy” finds its origin from the French word “bureau” which means desk, and a government which is run from table is called a bureaucratic government.
The word implies a particular system of administration. Historically, it has been associated with the rule of government and governmental [ ]. Bureaucracy as an organization is expected to play a pivotal role, in process of development.
The concept of Development Administration had originated in U. S. A. and as such bureaucratic systems Brief Essay on Bureaucracy and Development. Free Essay: A bureaucracy is defined as a form of organisation that centres on precision, speed, reliability, and efficiency achieved through the creation of.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this essay to learn about Bureaucracy. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Definition of Bureaucracy 2. Meaning of Bureaucracy 3.
Characteristics 4. Types 5. Safeguards 6. Defects 7. Max Weber’s Theory. Contents: Essay on the Definition of Bureaucracy Essay on the Meaning of Bureaucracy Essay on the Characteristics of Bureaucracy [ ].