Benjamin Franklin As colonial America progressed into a more advanced and modern union, many people began to have brilliant ideas and construct experiments to define them. Many of them were intellectuals, such as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and the founding fathers of the United States.
Its practitioners adhered to the scientific method of testing hypotheses through rigorous, repeatable experimentation. Ancient Greeks, inventors of the first organized sporting events the Olympicsalso promoted hard-nosed, constructive debate and organized competition in law, politics, philosophy, and science.
Scientific research, in other words, takes for granted the insufficiency of old knowledge. Science and technology fused in the Renaissance when the Florentine Medicis patronized weapons research by Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, leading to advances in optics and physics, and alchemists helped jumpstart legitimate chemistry by trying to make synthetic gold.
Then, like now, war and money spurred science, with ramifications spilling over into medicine, astronomy, and even political science. Enlightenment science ultimately brought us hydrogen bombs and the missiles to deliver them on. Is partially unfulfilled idealism worse than no idealism at all?
Like the Renaissance and Dark Ages, the Enlightenment is one of those historical tags that lends itself to biased agenda-driven oversimplifications, highlighting some themes while concealing others. Yet, people who lived through it were aware of a new age being ushered in. The Age of Exploration Chapter 2 was key to the Enlightenment because it opened up a global inventory of data to European scientists.
Exploration also brought coffee to Europe — the signature drink of the Enlightenment. Just as Europeans imported and modified gunpowder, printing, shipbuilding, and math to their benefit during the Renaissance, they imported and modified the Arabic coffeehouse during the Enlightenment.
Dutch merchants who grew coffee in Java Indonesia imported beans to New York in and coffeehouses assumed a social and political role in colonial America similar to taverns, even though most Americans drank tea in the home. Scholars during the Late Renaissance and Enlightenment started to question all dogma — be it philosophical, scientific, political, or religious — building on rather than just revering and reviving Classical knowledge.
Meanwhile, they continued to import ideas along with coffee from Arabia and Persia. Biruni, who centuries ahead of his time hypothesized about the existence of the American continent, was in turn well-versed in Classical scholars like Aristotle and Ptolemy. The Great Awakeningon the other hand, spurs less scholarly controversy.
Like the Enlightenment, Christianity was used both to support and denounce slavery. Paris was the epicenter of the Enlightenment, but its philosophes lived throughout Europe, the British Isles, and small but enthusiastic outposts in colonial America.
They disagreed that God chose certain people to rule over others and instead promoted representative government — an idea that had been mostly dormant in Western history since Classical times but had been reviving in England and a few small pockets in continental Europe during the Renaissance.
This is a vivid and important example of Enlightenment thinkers reexamining traditional wisdom. Along with free trade, representative government was a cornerstone of Classical liberalism.
Locke and Jefferson were concerned with the political representation of middle-class men and above, but their descendants applied democracy more broadly.
You can see why Enlightenment critics see its philosophy as merely a self-serving justification for white male hegemony ; yet, you can also see how its ideas contained the seeds of a more universal revolution.
With the republican genie out of the bottlewhite male elites found it increasingly difficult to explain why they should run roughshod over everyone else. Enlightenment political theory was also concerned with balance — reflected in the U.
Politics, like science, was a vehicle for progress and making the world a better place. Deists were religious, to be sure, but they rejected two central tenants of traditional religion.
First, in the name of progress, they disagreed that everything important to know was already known.The Great Awakening arose at a time of questioning how an individual’s role manifested itself in religion and society.
These ideas were brought about by Henry Thoreau and John Locke during the Enlightenment Era, which emphasized reason and logic and it allowed for one to realize the power of the individual and to view the universe in the light of scientific law.
7 Enlightenment & Great Awakening Newton’s Cradle to Demonstrate Conservation of Momentum & Energy Enlightenment philosophy and Great Awakening Christianity were very different, but both influenced the American colonies and American Revolution and both frame our thinking today.
The great awakening was a series of revivals in the first half of the 18th century. One outcome of the Great Awakening was the building of new churches to accommodate new members.
Colleges like Harvard and Yale were built to train men for the ministry. The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening are two primary European movements that drifted across the Atlantic into America between the s and the s.
They caused many changes in the lives of humans.
The Enlightenment emphasized the power of. Free Essays Must Be Free! TM. The Enlightenment And The Great Awakening Essay. The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening had a great influence on American colonies.
The Enlightenment emphasized the power of human reason to shape the world, to . Period 3 9/22/13 Take Home Essay The Great Awakening/ Enlightenment As colonial America progressed into a more advanced and modern union, many people began to have brilliant ideas and construct experiments to define them.
Many of them were intellectuals, such as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and the founding fathers .