When the bus driver asked her to give up her seat so that white people could sit down, she responded:
Visit Website Did you know? Nine months before Rosa Parks' arrest for refusing to give up her bus seat, year-old Claudette Colvin was arrested in Montgomery for the same act. The city's black leaders prepared to protest, until it was discovered Colvin was pregnant and deemed an inappropriate symbol for their cause.
Although Parks has sometimes been depicted as a woman with no history of civil rights activism at the time of her arrest, she and her husband Raymond were, in fact, active in the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACPand Parks served as its secretary.
Upon her arrest, Parks called E. Nixon, a prominent black leader, who bailed her out of jail and determined she would be an upstanding and sympathetic plaintiff in a legal challenge of the segregation ordinance.
African-American leaders decided to attack the ordinance using other tactics as well. Black ministers announced the boycott in church on Sunday, December 4, and the Montgomery Advertisera general-interest newspaper, published a front-page article on the planned action. The group elected Martin Luther King, Jr.
Initially, the demands did not include changing the segregation laws; rather, the group demanded courtesy, the hiring of black drivers, and a first-come, first-seated policy, with whites entering and filling seats from the front and African Americans from the rear.
Ultimately, however, a group of five Montgomery women, represented by attorney Fred D. District Court, seeking to have the busing segregation laws totally invalidated. Many black residents chose simply to walk to work or other destinations.
Black leaders organized regular mass meetings to keep African-American residents mobilized around the boycott. Integration at Last On June 5,a Montgomery federal court ruled that any law requiring racially segregated seating on buses violated the 14th Amendment to the U.
That amendment, adopted in following the U. Civil Warguarantees all citizens—regardless of race—equal rights and equal protection under state and federal laws. The city appealed to the U. It had lasted days. Integration, however, met with significant resistance and even violence.
While the buses themselves were integrated, Montgomery maintained segregated bus stops. Snipers began firing into buses, and one shooter shattered both legs of a pregnant African-American passenger. On January 30,the Montgomery police arrested seven bombers; all were members of the Ku Klux Klana white supremacist group.
The arrests largely brought an end to the busing-related violence. First, it is widely regarded as the earliest mass protest on behalf of civil rights in the United States, setting the stage for additional large-scale actions outside the court system to bring about fair treatment for African Americans.
Second, in his leadership of the MIA, Martin Luther King emerged as a prominent national leader of the civil rights movement while also solidifying his commitment to nonviolent resistance. The boycott also brought national and international attention to the civil rights struggles occurring in the United States, as more than reporters visited Montgomery during the boycott to profile the effort and its leaders.
Rosa Parks, while shying from the spotlight throughout her life, remained an esteemed figure in the history of American civil rights activism.An Introduction to the Life and History of Martin Luther King. 1, words. words. 1 page. A History of Rosa Parks an African-American Civil Rights Activist.
1, words. 3 pages. An Argument in Justification of Civil Disobedience as a Way of Pushing for Law Changes. 1, words. 2 pages. An Introduction to the History and the.
- Rosa Parks, also called the “Mother of the Civil Rights Movement,” was given the NAACP's Spingarn Medal and the Martin Luther King, Jr. nonviolent-peace prize. Rosa Parks was also awarded the Eleanor Roosevelt Woman of Courage award in Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr., a young African American Rosa was born in Tuskegee, Alabama on February 4, to James and Leona McCauley (The Life of Rosa Parks). Both of Rosa’s parents were born before slavery was banished from the United States. Rosa Louise McCauley Parks Introduction Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was born in Tuskagee.
Jun 17, · The Reverent Martin Luther King Jr. was elected president of the new organization. He had only recently moved to Montgomery. Rosa Parks received a Reviews: Jan 20, · I am proud that “my kids” know who Rosa Parks is, and who Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.
is. What they did and, why they did it. I think I am just as proud to know that for myself. An Introduction to the Life and History of Martin Luther King.
1, words. words. 1 page. A History of Rosa Parks an African-American Civil Rights Activist. 1, words.
3 pages. An Argument in Justification of Civil Disobedience as a Way of Pushing for Law Changes. 1, words. 2 pages. An Introduction to the History and the.