The reign of Peter I is generally regarded as a watershed in Russian history, during which Russia expanded westward, became a leading player in European affairs, and underwent major reforms of its government, economy, religious affairs, and culture. Peter is regarded as a "modernizer" or "westernizer," who forced changes upon his often reluctant subjects. In the Russian historian Nikolai Pogodin wrote:
Visit Website Catherine II was a sophisticated patron of the arts, and during her reign, Russia adopted Western European philosophies and culture. The duration of his rule was plagued by periods of political and social unrest.
He was widely seen as a politically weak and indecisive leader. Alix, who would later take the name Alexandra Feodorovna, was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Rasputin and the Romanovs Alexandra—with a brusque demeanor and distaste for Russian culture—was unpopular with the Russian people.
Her German ancestry and her devotion to Russian mystic Grigori Rasputin contributed to her unpopularity. Alexei, the only son and heir to the throne, suffered from severe hemophilia, and was often confined to bed.
Many saw him as a religious charlatan. Bymost Russians had lost all faith in the leadership ability of the czar. Government corruption was rampant and the Russian economy was severely damaged by World War I. Moderates joined with radical Bolshevik revolutionaries in calling for an overthrow of the tsar.
Nicholas II abdicated the throne on March 15,putting an end to more than years of Romanov rule. Romanov Execution Czar Nicholas II, Czarina Alexandra, their five children, and four attendants were executed in Yekaterinburg, a city on the Eastern side of the Ural Mountains, in the late night or early morning hours of July The imperial family was sent to live under house arrest in Siberia.
By July, the White army was advancing on Yekaterinburg. Local authorities were ordered to prevent a rescue of the Romanovs, and after a secret meeting of the Yekaterinburg Soviet, the imperial family was sentenced to death.
On the night of July 16,the family was ordered to dress and go down to the cellar of the Ipatiev House where they were lined up as if posing for a family photograph. There they were shot by firing squad and bayoneted to death by Bolshevik troops.
The remains of the family were discovered in a mass grave in the Ural Mountains in Subsequent DNA testing confirmed the identities of the Nicholas, Alexandra and three of their daughters. The remains of Alexei and one of his sisters remained a mystery until when a second grave was discovered near the larger mass grave.
The grave contained the remains of two partially burned skeletons, which subsequent DNA testing showed to belong to Alexei, and one of his sisters, likely Anastasia or Maria.
The legend persisted for nearly a century, inspiring numerous books and films. Over the years, dozens of women came forward, claiming to be the Romanov princess.
The best-known Anastasia imposter was Anna Andersona young woman pulled out of a canal in Berlin, Germany in after an attempted suicide.Analysis Interpretation of the news based on evidence, including data, as well as anticipating how events might unfold based on past events Why authoritarian rule is not Russia’s history — or.
Nicholas II was born on May 6, (from the Julian calendar, which was used in Russia until ) in Pushkin, Russia.
He inherited the throne when his father, Alexander III, died in Born: May 06, Peter I, Russian in full Pyotr Alekseyevich, byname Peter the Great, Russian Pyotr Veliky, (born June 9 [May 30, Old Style], , Moscow, Russia—died February 8 [January 28], , St.
Petersburg), tsar of Russia who reigned jointly with his half-brother Ivan V (–96) and alone thereafter (–) and who in was proclaimed . Peter the Great died in St. Petersburg in early in his small Winter Palace on the banks of the Winter Canal. He was the first Tsar to be buried in the Imperial crypt in the Peter and Paul Cathedral.
During the reign of Peter I, , the gathering forces of change, modernism, and the movement to European ways in culture and technology were given direction and impetus under the great Czar. Mar 11, · The czar and his family were gunned down and stabbed by members of the Red Guard early on the morning of July 17, , but rumors have persisted that two of the children, the Grand Duchess Anastasia and her brother Alexei, survived, perhaps because the diamonds sewn into their clothes blocked attempts to kill them.